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Passing on the big responsibility of health care to LGUs was done with noble intentions, but unfortunately, with inadequate preparation resulting in inappropriate … Tadem, Teresa. FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE, Local Goverment Administration and the 1976 Local…, Comparative Analysis of the Family Code and Code of…, Cultures and Practices Not Allowed in the Philippines, Zuni Public School Dist. Second, a high degree of centralization in the capital of Manila in Luzon came to characterize national-local relations for another century after the Spanish colonization. Article 2 (Declaration of Principles and State Policies), Section 25, says: “The State shall insure the autonomy of local governments.  Philippine Politics and Governance: An Introduction. Academic Content. The LGU’s has the ability to interact reciprocally with other units in the system of government of which it is part. Some commonly sited reasons are democratization increases efficiency and economic growth, improves supply and delivery of local services, vested interests of national politicians, preservation of national political systems in the face of growing local demands and general failure of centrist experiments. Another form of decentralization is delegation or the transfer of some functions to semi-autonomous organization not directly under the control of the central government. 2. Tadem, Teresa. the code devolves or transfers the responsibility for the delivery of various aspects of basic services to the local governments. Despite of this, decentralizing the government has been the best option to effectively implement government’s programs and policies, wherein the provinces, cities, municipalities and barangays of the nation enjoys local autonomy which are then generally supervised by a central government. The barangay (renamed as barrio) remained as basic administrative units but other ties of local government were added: “the pueblos (municipalities), cabildos (cities), and provincias (provinces). Cit. “First, indigenous activities were supplanted by putting in place an alien system of local government. Aside from the country’s geographic nature, which hindered the successful consolidation of all islands under the control of one government, the public officials were not yet properly trained or educated on the implementation of government’s policies and procedures to prevent unethical acts such as corruption and red tape. Other pronouncements indicative of the thrust towards local autonomy included the following: the Instructions of President McKinley to the Taft Commission; the incorporation of the City of Manila (Act 183 of the Philippine Commission in 1902); the establishment of the Moro Province (act 787 in 1903); the organization of provincial governments (Act 1396 in 1905); and the extension of popular control, like the elimination of appointive members from the provincial board. Granting LGUs the power to create their own sources of revenue and to levy taxes which shall be automatically released to them. 14 Brillantes, Cit. However, as Hutchcroft noted, Quezon was primarily concerned with centralizing control over patronage resources. While the United States attempted to institute a new system, it ended up preserving much of the informal power structure and in ruling through the ilustrado and cacique classes. According to Tapales, the Spanish period had impacts, however, on the development of local governments in the Philippines. In the Philippines, the pressure to increase health worker benefits and salaries arose as a consequence of the antidictatorship struggle. Although the local units now have responsibilities bestowed to them, they are still supervised and controlled the central government; therefore all transactions cannot be done unless approved by the central government. The code encourages the LGUs to be more entrepreneurial by providing them with opportunities to enter into joint ventures with the private sector, engage in the BOT arrangements, float bonds, and obtain loans from local private institution and the like. Tadem, Teresa. Tadem, Teresa. After the 1896 EDSA People Power Revolution toppled the Marcos dictatorship, the Philippine government headed by Corazon Aquino renewed its commitment to greater decentralization as a means of attaining its development goals and objectives.  Philippine Politics and Governance: An Introduction. Working 24/7, 100% Purchase 28. The first local autonomy act (RA 2264) was enacted in 1959, entitled, “An Act Amending the Laws Governing Local Governments by Increasing their Autonomy and Reorganizing Provincial Governments”. Like their Spanish predecessors and other colonial regimes in South East Asia, American administrators allowed the cooperative elements of the Filipino elite an increasingly larger role in government for expediency purposes. development efforts in the Philippines have aimed to address the problem of inequity for almost four decades. Creation of autonomous regions in Muslim Mindanao and the Cordillera. 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